18. React Todo List Example (Toggling a Todo)

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Building onto what we've been working on, it's time to dispatch our 'TOGGLE_TODO' action. We will do this by clicking on the individual todo items in our bulleted list.

Inside of our TodoApp component, we map each of the todo items into an <li>. We add a click handler so that when a user clicks on an item, we will dispatch an action to the store of type 'TOGGLE_TODO' along with the id to be toggled (we get the id from the todo object.)

In the UI, we want the todo item to appear as crossed out if it has been completed, so we'll use the textDecoration style property.

. // TodoApp component stuff
  {this.props.todos.map(todo =>
    <li key={todo.id}
        onClick={() => {
            type: 'TOGGLE_TODO',
            id: todo.id
            todo.completed ?
              'line-through' :
. // More TodoApp component stuff

Recap of how toggling a todo item works

Inside the click handler, we dispatch the 'TOGGLE_TODO' action with a type of 'TOGGLE_TODO' and the id of the todo being rendered.

When an action is dispatched, the store will call the root reducer, which will call the todos() reducer with the array of todos & the action.

Since this action is of type 'TOGGLE_TODO', the todos() reducer delegates the handling of every todo item to the todo() reducer by using the map() function to call it for every todo item in state:

const todos = (state = [], action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    // case 'ADD_TODO' stuff
    case 'TOGGLE_TODO':
      return state.map(t =>
        todo(t, action)
    // default case stuff

The todo() reducer receives the todo item as state, and 'TOGGLE_TODO' as action. For every todo item whose id doesn't match the id in the action (remember the action's id was supplied by clicking the <li>), we just return the previous state (i.e. the todo object as it was).

However, if the id of the todo matches the id of the action, we'll use ES6 notation to return a new object with all the properties of the original todo, but with the completed field toggled.

const todo = (state, action) => {
  // case 'ADD_TODO' stuff
  case 'TOGGLE_TODO':
    if (state.id !== action.id) {
      return state;

    return {
      completed: !state.completed
  // default case stuff

The updated todo item will be included in the todos field under the new application state, and because we subscribe to the render() function, it's going to get the next state of the application via store.getState() and pass the new version of the todos array to the TodoApp component to be mapped and rendered as a bulleted list (where completed items have a line through them).

const render = () => {


Thus, our cycle is complete again.

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